A Brief History Of The Appalachian Trail
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail is the nation's longest "marked footpath," stretching approximately 2,178 miles (the exact figure fluctuates) from the summit of Springer Mountain in Georgia to the top of Mount Katahdin in Maine.
The trail blazes through 14 states and ranges from deep wilderness to strenuous mountain hiking
above the tree line — its elevation dips to 124 ft. in New York and climbs to 6,625 ft. in Tennessee, at the top of Clingmans Dome in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The trail was the brainchild of Benton MacKaye, a New England regional planner who published the idea in 1921. He originally envisioned wilderness communities along the trail where visitors could stop and renew themselves in a natural setting. Hikers and outdoors
enthusiasts embraced the idea for the trail and promptly started building.
The first portion was opened in New York in 1923, and the full trail was completed by 1937, constructed and maintained by volunteer groups along the Eastern seaboard. The trail fell into disrepair in the 1940s as manpower and resources were drained by World War II, although after the war its supporters banded together to restore it by 1951. The Federal Government named the A.T. a National Scenic Trail in 1968, and today the full length — almost all on public land — is maintained by a network of nonprofit groups and protected by the National Park Service.
The Appalachian Trail attracts thousands of hikers each year, most of whom traverse small sections of the trail on short day trips. A hardier band of explorers shoot for the big enchilada: hiking the entire length of the trail, some 5 million footsteps. Each year about 500 "thru-hikers" or "2,000-milers" complete the grueling trek; the A.T. foils about 80% of those who try. The total number of reported "thru-hikes" hit 10,000 in 2008. Traveling the length of the trail takes between five and seven months; most people start at the southern end and head north.
Campgrounds and shelters are available along the route, and the trail passes through small towns with a history of welcoming campers
. In 1948, legendary hiker Earl Shaffer became the first person to travel the full trail in one season. Fifty years later, at age 79, he repeated the feat — also becoming the oldest thru-hiker at that point (an 81-year-old completed the trek in 2004). In 2005, Andrew Thompson of New Hampshire made hiking history by completing the Appalachian Trail in just 47 days, 13 hours and 31 minutes — setting an astounding pace of 45 miles a day. The 29-year-old hit the trail at 5:30 a.m. and ended at 9 p.m., losing 30 pounds in the process even as he ate up to 8,000 calories a day.
Safety along the Appalachian Trail has never been a serious concern. Accidents and conflicts with wildlife are rare, and crime is uncommon — though what little there is tends to draw headlines. In 2008 two fishermen were shot along the trail in Virginia, allegedly by the same man who had slain two campers near the same spot in 1981. The shooting victims both survived; the alleged gunman, Randall Lee Smith, died days later, apparently from injuries he suffered in a truck accident while fleeing from police.
The account of Governor Sanford decamping to the Appalachian Trail may have seemed plausible enough at first — the 49-year-old is an avid outdoorsman who has enjoyed the trail since he was a teenager. But knowledgeable hikers may still have raised an eyebrow at the claim, as Sanford's absence coincided with Naked Hiking Day, the annual ritual in which courageous trekkers take to the great outdoors in the buff. While the tradition has its fans, not everyone welcomes the combination of hiking boots and birthday suits. "It's just rude," said Brian King, a spokesman for the Appalachian Trail Conservancy. "People are out there hiking with their kids and families, and there are Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts."